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Union County, Florida

School-aged Child and Adolescent Profile
 
MeasureRate TypeYear(s)County Quartile
1=most favorable
4=least favorable
County
Number
(Average)
County
Rate
State
Comparison
Socio-Demographic Characteristics
Population Data1
Total Population Count 2012 15,445 19,042,458
Population 5-11 Count 2012 1,099 1,547,433
   White Count 2012 910 1,093,986
   Black Count 2012 145 342,258
   Hispanic Count 2012 66 444,637
   Non-Hispanic Count 2012 1,033 1,102,796
Population 12-18 Count 2012 1,204 1,639,941
   White Count 2012 936 1,174,791
   Black Count 2012 223 361,184
   Hispanic Count 2012 73 455,541
   Non-Hispanic Count 2012 1,130 1,184,400
Socio-Economic Data
Median household income Dollars 2012 1st Quartile $43,750 $47,309
Percentage of total population below poverty level Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 18.7% 15.6%
Unemployment rate Percent 2012 1st Quartile 7.3% 8.6%
Percentage of Population 25 years and Over with No High School Diploma Percent 2012 4th Quartile 25.1% 14.2%
Population 5+ that speak English less than very well Percent 2012 1st Quartile 1.1% 11.8%
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced lunch
   Elementary school Percent 2012 2nd Quartile 666 64.5% 62.3%
   Middle school Percent 2012 1st Quartile 300 53.3% 58.6%
Modifiable Behaviors Leading to Premature Death3
Insufficient Phsyical Activity
Percent of students without sufficient vigorous physical activity
   Middle school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 40.0% 29.9%
   High school Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 38.5% 37.3%
Obesity
Percent of students reporting BMI at or above 95th percentile
   Middle school Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 15.5% 11.1%
   High school Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 15.2% 14.3%
Tobacco Use
Percent of students smoking cigarettes in the past 30 days
   Middle school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 10.4% 3.3%
   High school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 21.0% 10.1%
High Risk Behaviors
Sexual Activity
Births to teenage mothers per 1,000 females (3-year rate)
   15-19 Per 1,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 23 60.4 29.6
   15-17 Per 1,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 5 21.3 13.5
   18-19 Per 1,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 18 120.7 53.7
Percent of repeat births to teenage mothers (3-year rate)
   15-19 Percent 2010-12 4th Quartile 5 22.9% 17.4%
   15-17 Percent 2010-12 2nd Quartile <2 6.7%(u) 8.3%
   18-19 Percent 2010-12 4th Quartile 5 27.3% 20.9%
Diagnosed new HIV cases ages 13-19 (3-Year Rate)4 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <10 11.9
Bacterial STDs 15-19 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 36 4146.3 2377.3
Substance Abuse
Percent of students who used alcohol in past 30 days
   Middle school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 18.2% 12.3%
   High school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 38.7% 33.9%
Percent of students reporting binge drinking
   Middle school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 8.3% 4.7%
   High school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 23.7% 16.4%
Percent of students using marijuana/hashish in past 30 days
   Middle school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 7.2% 4.2%
   High school Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 17.8% 18.5%
Injuries and Violence (3-Year rates)
Licensed drivers in motor vehicle crashes per 1,000 licensed drivers
   15-18 Per 1,000 2012 3rd Quartile 49.0 42.5
   19-21 Per 1,000 2012 1st Quartile 30.5 53.2
Child Passengers injured/killed in motor vehicle crashes per 100,000 pop.
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 2nd Quartile 3 299.8 370.8
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 9 796.1 514.9
Motor vehicle deaths per 100,000 population
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 2.1
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 8.0
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 22.3
Non-fatal motor vehicle related hospitalizations per 100,000 pop. (MV occupants only)
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 60.0(u) 11.3
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 82.4(u) 37.3
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 3rd Quartile <2 108.8(u) 98.4
Traumatic brain injury deaths per 100,000 population
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 1.6
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 6.9
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 18.4
Non-fatal traumatic brain injury hospitalizations per 100,000 population
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 119.9(u) 26.3
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 109.8(u) 58.3
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 3 598.2 97.2
Unintentional Injury Deaths Other than Motor Vehicle Accidents per 100,000 population
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 1.2
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 3.6
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 13.3
Other non-fatal unintentional injury hospitalizations per 100,000 pop.
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 4 419.7 166.5
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 7 604.0 282.1
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 21 3534.9 379.9
Violent Acts Per 1,000 Students in School Activities Grades K-125 Per 1,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 49 21.1 13.3
Homicide deaths per 100,000 population
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 0.6
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 4.5
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 14.4
Social-emotional Development
Mental Health
Non-fatal hospitalizations for self-inflicted injuries per 100,000 pop. (3-yr rate)
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 109.8(u) 64.8
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 271.9(u) 86.3
Non-fatal hospitalizations for eating disorders per 100,000 pop. (3-yr rate)
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile <2 54.9(u) 17.6
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 11.5
Suicide deaths per 100,000 population (3-year rate)
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 4.1
   19-21 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 10.1
Percent of Children in Schools Grades K-12 Who Are Emotionally Handicapped Percent 2012 2nd Quartile 20 0.8% 0.7%
Referrals to Department of Juvenile Justice Per 10,000 2010-12 1st Quartile 60 439.1 581.5
Learning Environment
Percentage of students absent 21+ days
   K-12 Students Percent 2012 4th Quartile 25.1% 9.1%
Percent of children not promoted
   Elementary school Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 44 4.3% 3.6%
   Middle school Percent 2012 2nd Quartile 12 2.1% 2.3%
Social-emotional Development
Learning Environment
High school graduation rate6 Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 70.4% 74.5%
   Out of School Suspensions K-12 Per 1,000 2010-12 2nd Quartile 137 58.2 58.4
Percent of students feeling safe at school
   Middle school Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 76.5% 79.1%
   High school Percent 2012 1st Quartile 85.6% 79.8%
School Readiness at Kindergarten Entry Percent 2012 3rd Quartile 90.3% 91.2%
Social Environment
Children in foster care per 1,000 population
   5-11 Per 1,000 2012 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 3.5
   12-17 Per 1,000 2012 1st Quartile 3 2.9 4.2
Children Experiencing Child Abuse Ages 5-11 Per 1,000 2010-12 2nd Quartile 12 11.4 12.1
Children Experiencing Sexual Violence Ages 5-11 Per 1,000 2010-12 3rd Quartile <2 1.2(u) 0.7
Access to Care
Potentially Avoidable Hospitalizations7
Asthma hospitalizations per 100,000 population (3-year rate)
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 2nd Quartile 3 329.7 462.7
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 4th Quartile 5 466.7 351.7
Percent of students who report having asthma
   Middle school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 22.5% 20.1%
   High school Percent 2012 4th Quartile 24.0% 20.8%
Diabetes hospitalizations per 100,000 population (3-year rate)
   5-11 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 0.0(u) 43.2
   12-18 Per 100,000 2010-12 1st Quartile <2 27.5(u) 122.4
Availability of Services
Nurse-Student Ratio in Schools Grades K-128 Ratio 2012 4th Quartile 1:1,145 1:2,257
Vaccine Preventable Diseases
Hepatitis A in people 5-21 Count 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 83
Hepatitis B, acute in people 5-21 Count 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 12
Hepatitis B, chronic in people 5-21 Per 100,000 Population 5-21 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 0.0 4.4
Measles (rubeola) in people 5-21 Count 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 4
Meningococcal disease in people 5-21 Count 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 29
Mumps in people 5-21 Count 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 9
Pertussis in people 5-21 Per 100,000 Population 5-21 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 0.0 2.1
Varicella in people 5-21 Per 100,000 Population 5-21 2010-12 2nd Quartile 1 11.3 12.1
Varicella in women 15-21 Per 100,000 Females 15-21 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 0.0 4.6
Enteric, Food and Waterborne Diseases
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) in people <10 Count 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 8
Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection in people <10 Per 100,000 Population < 10 2010-12 1st Quartile 0 0.0 1.9
 
Notes

Population - Rates calculated using July 1 population estimates from the Florida Legislature, Office of Economic and Demographic Research. The population data for 2001-2010, along with rates affected by the population data, has been updated on Florida CHARTS. Following a census, it is customary to revise population projections for the intercensal years based on information from the latest census. Revising the population data from what was predicted to actual estimates ensures accurate accounting of the racial, ethnic, and gender distribution of the population. These changes affect the population data and rates calculated for your community.

Year - (SY) = School Year. Other time periods include single calendar years (ex. 2006) and three-year averages (ex. 2004-06).

Quartiles - Quartiles in this report allow you to compare health data from one county to another in the state. Quartiles are calculated by ordering a rate from most favorable to least favorable by county and dividing the list into 4 equal-size groups. In this report, a low quartile number (1) always represents more favorable health situations while fours (4) represent less favorable situations. Blanks in this column indicate that not enough data was available to calcuate a quartile or that a quartile calculation was not appropriate (i.e. population counts). Quartiles for rates from the YRBS, FYTS, and FYSAS surveys are based on fewer than 67 counties as some counties did not participate.

Counts - Counts for indicators displaying a 3-year rate are an average count of events over 3 years, NOT a sum. Blank spaces in this column indicate that no count is available for the indicator. A count of "<1" indicates an average of less than 1 event per year over a 3 year period.

U = Unstable rate (based on fewer than 5 events). When the rates are based on only a few cases or deaths, it is almost impossible to distinguish random fluctuation from true changes in the underlying risk of disease or injury. Therefore comparisons over time or between communities that are based on unstable rates can lead to erroneous conclusions about differences in risk which may or may not be valid.

1Total population minus the sum total of white and black populations results in the other nonwhite population count. TOTAL - (WHITE+BLACK) = OTHER NONWHITE.

2The Census Bureau defines a linguistically isolated household as one in which no one 14 years old and over speaks only English or speaks a non-English language and speaks English "very well." In other words, all members of the household 14 years old and over have at least some difficulty with English.

3Modifiable behaviors leading to premature death are the major external (nongenetic) factors that contribute to death in the US, first identified as "Actual Causes of Death" by McGinnis and Foege in 1993. These three sets of behaviors each contribute to over 100,000 deaths annually in addition to their impact on morbidity, quality of life, and public health burden.

4Counties with < 10 HIV cases ages 13-19 do not have counts or rates available.

5Includes sexual battery, battery, homicide and kidnapping.

6Florida's high school graduation rate is the percentage of students who graduated within four years of their initial enrollment in ninth grade, not counting deceased students or students who transferred out to attend another public school outside the system, a private school, a home education program, or an adult education program. Incoming transfer students are included in the appropriate cohort (the group whose progress is tracked) based on their grade level and year of entry.

7Potentially avoidable hospitalizations are those for which good outpatient care can potentially prevent complications or more severe disease.

8n/a - For school districts with no nurses a nurse-student ratio cannot be calculated.